When two Irishmen meet the first question asked is usually:
"What county are you from?"
Irishmen find identity in their county of origin, always believing their county to be the best. No matter where an Irishman wanders across the globe, his heart sings when he connects with a fellow Irishman, and especially a fellow county man (or woman as the case may be).
A satellite view of Ireland reveals no divides and markings, just one beautifully green island. Yet Irish people love their counties with zeal and passion
Table of Contents
- Irish People's Love of Their Native County
- Ireland's Counties - Created by the English
- Provinces of Ireland
- Gaelic Athletic Association County Rivalry
- Alphabetical List of Irish Counties
- Photographic Tours of Ireland's 32 Counties
- County Antrim
- County Armagh
- County Carlow
- County Cavan
- County Clare
- County Cork
- County Derry
- County Donegal
- County Down
- County Dublin
- County Fermanagh
- County Galway
- County Kerry
- County Kildare
- County Kilkenny
- County Laois
- County Leitrim
- County Limerick
- County Longford
- County Louth
- County Mayo
- County Meath
- County Monaghan
- County Offaly
- County Roscommon
- County Sligo
- County Tipperary
- County Tyrone
- County Waterford
- County Westmeath
- County Wexford
- County Wicklow
Irish People's Love of Their Native County
This innate love of county one would assume stems from some ancient, mythical symbolism associated with these provincial divides.
Many an Irish man assumes the division of Ireland into thirty-two counties is our Celtic inheritance from High Kings and wise druids who ruled through the Brehon laws.
Ireland's Counties - Created by the English
The thirty-two county division of Ireland is a system of convenience created by English rulers, dating back to the time of King John (early 13th century).
These English, administrative, and randomly drawn lines, may no longer hold any meaning for governance, yet the Irish have embraced these divisions and bestowed upon them a sacred quality.
Personal identity and connection are intertwined in myths, which assign certain traits for all born in a specific county. These traits may be complimentary or not. Cavan people are notoriously miserly. Corkonians are rebellious in nature. Kerrymen are crafty, and Galwegians are tribal, to name but a few.
Irish people cling to their county identity, cherish their territory as God's country, extol the magnificence of its beauty spots, and reverently sing songs to celebrate its famous sons and daughters.
Provinces of Ireland
The ancient Celtic divisions of Ireland were provinces. Today there are four provinces in Ireland including Ulster, Leinster, Connacht and Munster.
In anicent times there was a fifth province of Meath, which was home to the Hill of Tara, the seat of the High Kings.
Ulster has nine counties, Antrim, Armagh, Cavan, Derry (or Londonderry), Donegal, Down, Fermanagh, Monaghan, and Tyrone. Three of these counties are in the Republic of Ireland and six are in Northern Ireland.
Leinster has twelve counties, Carlow, Dublin, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Longford, Louth, Offaly, Meath, Westmeath, Wexford, and Wicklow.
Connacht has five counties, Galway, Leitrim, Mayo, Roscommon and Sligo.
Munster has six counties, Clare, Cork, Kerry, Limerick, Tipperary, and Waterford.
Gaelic Athletic Association County Rivalry
County consciousness is further enhanced by the Gaelic Athletic Association. County rivalries in hurling and Gaelic football are fierce.
All-Ireland championship matches dominate summer sporting events. Gaelic games are a rich source of pageantry, strengthening county pride with the waving of flags and the donning of county colors.
Ireland's thirty-two counties are divided between four different provinces and each of these provinces boast a professional rugby team.
And so, whatever forces may have shaped county awareness, the identity a county imbues on its people, is an integral part of Irish life. It is about a sense of place, of community, local friendships, and a deep affinity for your childhood home.
I have added a new page in my Lessons for Tourists category, called "Ireland - County-by-County". Although I am most familiar with three Irish counties, Dublin, Cork and Donegal, I can say I have at least driven through all 32 counties.
Alphabetical List of Irish Counties
Over the next few weeks and months, I plan to take you on a tour of Ireland's beautiful counties, share pictures and recount tales of county heroes past and present.
I plan to present each county in alphabetical order, starting with County Antrim. Many Irish tourist websites focus on images of Ireland's scenic west coast.
Small inland counties like Carlow, or Longford are seldom mentioned. Here we will tour all corners of my homeland, visiting counties both big and small. I hope you enjoy this tour, and some beautiful images of Ireland.
Come back and visit often, so you don't miss out on your favorite county.
Photographic Tours of Ireland's 32 Counties
As I publish each new county post, I will add a link to this alphabetical list.
County Antrim boasts a magnificent coastline. The Causeway Coastal Route spans its ocean perimeter, passing through some of the most spectacular scenery in all of Ireland and Europe. It's here you'll find the Giant's Causeway world heritage site. The city of Belfast is primarily located in County Antrim.
Armagh is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdom and amongst the nine counties of the ancient province of Ulster.
County Carlow is home to gentle flowing rivers, historic estates, medieval castle ruins, lush countryside, and pre-historic burial sites.
County Cavan lies inland, but there is no shortage of water within its borders. Known as the Lake County, it is home to 365 lakes and the source of Ireland’s largest river.
The majestic sheer walls of the Cliffs of Moher may be County Clare’s most famous scenic attraction, but when you visit you will be spoiled by a wealth of breath-taking scenery. Home to the Burren, a unique limestone karst landscape, this part of Ireland has been inhabited for thousands of years. Ennis is the main town of this Munster county.
County Cork offers tourists a little bit of everything, maybe even a little slice of heaven, with some of the most spectacular scenery in Ireland and even the world. Its Atlantic ocean coastline is truly magnificent.
County Derry is home to the only completely walled city in Ireland, boasts spectacular beaches and coastline to the north, and ruggedly picturesque mountains to the south.
Located in the northwest corner of the Emerald Isle, Donegal is home to some of the most picturesque scenery in all of Ireland. The Irish language is still spoken in the Gaeltacht areas of Donegal.
County Down is a perfect blend of ancient culture, historical landmarks, heather-clad mountains, woodland parks, rolling hills quilted with patchwork green fields
Dublin is a charming, architecturally spectacular capital city where medieval and modern history blend to create a vibrant, welcoming atmosphere. In recent years this old county was divided in three for ease of local government. South Dublin and Rathdown lies to the south and contains the port of Dún Laoghaire. Dublin city is in the center and has its own governing body. Fingal County Council area lies to the north of the county.
Boasting hundreds of square miles of lakes, with over 150 islands waiting to be explored, County Fermanagh has been christened Ireland’s Lake District.
County Galway lies on Ireland’s west coast. Under direct influence of the Atlantic gulf stream and ocean currents, this county receives ample rainfall between spells of fleeting sunshine. Home to the Aran Islands and Connemara, this westerly county is home to the largest Irish speaking area on the island.
County Kerry is a mystical, rugged, and scenic Irish county that has captivated tourists for hundreds of years, making the Ring of Kerry one of the most famous attractions in all of Ireland.
County Kildare is Dublin’s western neighbor. This inland county offers plenty of history, spectacular scenery, ancient castles and warm welcoming towns.
County Kilkenny is home to rolling green hills of verdant pasture, meandering, picturesque rivers with architecturally amazing arched bridges, an abundance of stone castles from the middle ages, ancient monasteries and cathedrals, and Ireland’s most magnificent medieval city.
County Laois was once a center of Irish religious and cultural life. The ruins of old medieval stone castles dot the countryside, together with the isolated remains of once great monasteries. Portlaoise is the main town of this rural county.
County Leitrim offers lush landscapes with magnificent mountains overlooking tranquil lakes. This Irish county may not be on many tourists' radars, but trust me the scenery in Leitrim is simply spectacular.
County Limerick boasts over 5,000 years of history with evidence of Neolithic life, amazing medieval castles and charming thatched cottages just waiting to be explored.
From the reedy shores of Lough Gowna to the banks of the River Shannon, the quiet countryside of County Longford overflows with rural charm.
Known as the wee county, County Louth may be Ireland's smallest county, but it's not short on magical places to visit. This is Ireland's land of legends.
Found on the western coast of Ireland with miles of magnificent scecery along the Wild Atlantic Way, County Mayo is also known as the Heather County or the Yew County.
County Meath is known as the Royal County of Ireland. It gets its name because the Hill of Tara in the center of County Meath was the location where the High KIngs of Ireland were crowned.
County Monaghan is known as the Drumlin County because its landscape is dotted with small hills formed during the Ice Age. This beautiful county boasts many lakes and rivers and is one of Ireland's hidden gems.
County Offaly lies in the heart of Ireland's midlands, bordered to the west by the mighty River Shannon. It's home to a vast amount of Ireland's blanket bog, and was one of the area that was part of the Elizabethan plantation of Ireland. There are many castles and monastic settlements just waiting to be explored.
County Roscommon is one of the five counties in the province of Connacht in the west of Ireland. Here you'll find magnificent forest parks, fresh water lakes, castles and monastic ruins. It's one of Ireland's hidden gems, with the River Shannon bordering it to the east.
County Sligo was a beloved destination for the Irish poet WB Yeats. Many of its locations feature in his poetry from the Lake Isle of Innisfree in Lough Gill, to the cairn topped mountain of Knocknarea. County Sligo's landscape is dotted with megalithic and neolithic tombs and monuments. It is a history lovers dream land.
We still have a few more counties to visit over the coming weeks and months. These include...
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Slán agus beannacht,
(Goodbye and blessings)
Mairéad -Irish American Mom
Pronunciation - slawn ah-gus ban-ock-th
Mairéad - rhymes with parade
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